Lazar El Lissitzky was born November 23, 1890 and died December 30, 1941.
Lissitzky was Russian Painter, typographer, and designer. His innovations in typography, advertising and exhibition design were particularly influential.
-Lissitzky said that his designs or “stages” as he called them, should be a kind of “…showcase or stage on which the pictures make their appearance as actors in a drama or comedy, it should not imitate a living space.”
My chosen artist was Morris Fulller Benton, type designer from the early 1900’s. He was born on November 30, 1872 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and was son of Linn Boyd Benton. Linn Benton was the inventor of the pantographic punch-cutting machine and founded the American Typefounders agglomeration in 1892.
Born: 22 December, 1876
Died: 2 December, 1944
Although he was more known as a writer and a theorist, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti was a revolutionary Italian typographer in that he pushed beyond the boundaries of ordinary typography and experimented with expressive type. He is an important component to the Futurist beginnings of typography. As a writer/poet, he wanted to express his words through design in ways that would reflect the changes around society during his time. The concept of Futurism comes from ideas about the future, of speed, technology, violence… revolutionary changes that were occurring during Marinetti’s time.
If you only relied on the results of a quick Google search for Ben Shahn, you’d find him called a painter, a printmaker, a photographer. He dealt mostly with images. You’d wonder why I’d list him as a resource in a Typography class.
Shahn was known mostly as a social-realist painter. That means he intended to inspire social change, and he did it by painting in a realistic manner. Continue reading